Vocabulary: Verbs (II)

INTRODUCTION

Imagine if you had no words to describe how you did something. You caught a big fish? Well, too bad you can’t tell what happened because you lack the word to describe the action. Fortunately, we do have verbs, allowing us to describe what exactly we did to others. 

This way, verbs are very important because it allows communication of action(s) performed by someone or something. Verbs are those words which describe an action, state or occurrence. Examples in English include, but not limited to, to sleepto eatto run etc. 

Verbs are called क्रियापद (kriyāpad) in Nepali. Check out the previous list here.

LIST

Verbs whose root is one syllable long

To give = दिनु (dinu)
To know = थाहा हुनु (thāhā hunu)
To wash = धुनु (dhunu)

Verbs whose root ends in a vowel sound

To be destroyed = भत्किनु (bhatkinu)
To burn (something) = जलाउनु (jalāunu)
To destroy = भत्काउनु (bhatkāunu)
To lose (something/ oneself) = हराउनु (harāunu)
To make = बनाउनु (banāunu)
To protect/ To rescue = बचाउनु (bacāunu)
To receive = पाउनु (pāunu)

Verbs whose root ends in a consonant sound

To ask =सोध्नु (sodhnu)
To break = भाँच्नु (bhām̐cnu)
To close = बन्द गर्नु (banda garnu)
To decrease = घट्नु (ghaṭnu)
To dig = खन्नु (khannu)
To drop = झार्नु (jhārnu)
To dry up = सुक्नु (suknu)
To enter (a place) = छिर्नु (chirnu)
To exchange = साट्नु (sāṭnu)
To extract/ To take out = निकाल्नु (nikālnu)
To fall = झर्नु (jharnu)
To fly = उड्नु (uḍnu)
To hide = लुक्नु (luknu)
To increase = बढ्नु (baḍhnu)
To keep = राख्नु (rākhnu)
To kill/ To turn off = मार्नु (mārnu)
To learn = सिक्नु (siknu)
To move (something) = सार्नु (sārnu)
To rain = पानी पर्नु (pānī parnu)
To recognise = चिन्नु (cinnu)
To rob = चोर्नु (cornu)
To search = खोज्नु (khojnu)
To survive = बाँच्नु (bām̐cnu)
To tear = च्यात्नु (cyātnu)
To think = सोच्नु (socnu)
To understand = बुझ्नु (bujhnu)

EXERCISES

A. WHAT IS THE ROOT OF THE FOLLOWING VERBS?

1. पाउनु (pāunu) /to receive/
2. चोर्नु (cornu) /to rob/
3. झार्नु (jhārnu) /to drop/  
4. धुनु (dhunu) /to wash/
5. हराउनु (harāunu) /to lose (something/oneself)/

B. GIVE THE TRANSLATIONS FOR THE FOLLOWING VERBS.

1. च्यात्नु (cyātnu)
2. साट्नु (sāṭnu)
3. भत्किनु (bhatkinu)
4. उड्नु (uḍnu)
5. बढ्नु (baḍhnu)

ANSWERS

A.1. पाउ (pāu)
A.2. चोर् (cor
A.3. झार् (jhār)
A.4. धु (dhu)
A.5. हराउ (harāu)
B.1. To tear
B.2. To exchange
B.3. To be destroyed
B.4. To fly
B.5. To increase

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